The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. The trees are very fast growing. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Is there something that I can actually use that stuff for, or do any companies use it that I could sell it to, or even give it to? I really have a love/hate relationship with the cottonwood tree in my yard -- I love it because its gorgeous, and I get the best pictures off of it, but I hate it because the roots are really tearing up the rest of my yard, and the amount of fluff that that thing sheds every year is truly incredible. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … In fact, the trees can even survive droughts and forest fires. Also, since the trees were few and far apart, they were used as markers or meeting places. Fish and Wildlife Service at FWS.gov Cottonwood leaves are triangular to diamond-like in shape, and they are a bright green on both sides, turning yellow and dropping in the fall and winter. Among the ornamental deciduous trees, cottonwoods are very popular in some regions of the world. These capsules contain small seeds that are carried through the wind because of the ‘cotton’ found in the capsules. These trees are often planted in nature reserves, because they become suitable homes for animals, birds, and insects such as bees, eagles, raccoons, squirrels, etc. When the seeds are in the air it seems like it is snowing. … Eastern poplars can grow up to heights of 200 feet. The owner had a lot of water lying around on the paved area and it gradually seeped away. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. Eastern cottonwood (P. deltoides), nearly 30 metres (100 feet) tall, has thick glossy leaves. The Eastern Cottonwood is one of the largest trees in North America ranging from southern Canada to the eastern United States. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. It was helpful for them to find underground water sources,wood for shelters, homes barns and shade in summer and heat in the winter. The first is that, like other poplars, cottonwoods have leaves which appear to shimmer and shake in the wind, creating a very distinctive sound and visual appearance. Cottonwood tree seeds can make quite the mess, so it’s understandable to want them gone. Hence, it is commonly called the Chinese necklace poplar as well. Very interesting and accurate article. A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Trees that belong to the Populus or poplar genus and have seeds with cotton-like extensions are commonly known as cottonwood trees. The snows of June consists of “cotton” from the cottonwood trees: small bits of cotton-like fibers enclosing a small green cottonwood seed. This meant that finding shade or collecting firewood was a very difficult. Would you like to write for us? Some species, such as the Fremont and narrowleaf cottonwoods, live up to 150 years. Also, the seeds may contribute to allergic reactions. Let me know if you find out any good uses for it though! Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. I could fill ten duvets with all that stuff. Production of cottony seeds indicates the end of pollination in a tree. Poplars are sometimes referred to as ‘cottonless cottonwoods,’ but this is a misnomer. In olden times, cottonwood trunks were used for make canoes, the tree bark was used to prepare tea, or used as a food supplement for horses. This may be kind of a silly question, but can you actually use the cottonwood tree cotton or fluff? One way to do that is by spraying the tree with a growth regulator that contains ethephon. exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. When I was growing up, my parents had some plains cottonwood trees out on our back 40, and my dad was always finding little pieces to carve on. Practically every part of the cottonwood tree was historically used, whether it was the wood for … Cottonwoods may be called southern cottonwood, eastern poplars, Alamos or western poplars. Cottonwood has also historically been used as a source of timber for various construction projects, and as a source of firewood. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. They're also long-lived trees, with an average lifespan of at least 40 or 50 years. Some taller trees bear scars where they have been struck by lightning, illustrating the durability of these trees. Cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas and Wyoming. If, however, your tree is young, or if an older tree's growth slows and the leaves are small, then you can support the cottonwood by fertilizing its soil in spring when the tree begins new growth. These graceful trees can also make very pleasant ornamentals. Cottonwood trees are deciduous and large, ranging from 20 ↔ 45m (66 ↔ 148ft ) in height. The usable portion of the tree measures 31" in diameter x 27 feett x 24" in diameter. Let us look at some of the more interesting cottonwood tree facts, in this Gardenerdy article. They belong to the poplar family with other poplars like quaking aspen and Lombardy poplar. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. Look for the male 'Siouxland' variety, which grows 2 feet to 3 feet per year, and you’ll have a cottonwood tree minus the cotton. What I want to know is about the root system. These trees also shed a lot of leaves, making cleaning up tedious. Most commonly, cottonwoods are located in riparian zones near rivers and lakes, and they are sometimes used as an indicator species when people look for underground deposits of water. Life on the wild prairie plains was very harsh, and trees were a rarity in the grasslands. Due to this habit of quick growth, the wood is soft and brittle, breaking easily in windy conditions. In most cases, you are seeing the seeds from Cottonwood trees. They thrive alongside streams, rivers, and lowland areas. He never did it for a living, but I still have some of his pieces today, and people can't seem to get enough of them when they come over. Cottonless Cottonwood Tree Pests. As pioneers settled and became farmers, they later called the cottonwoods 75 foot weeds. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. You have found the calling card of a tree that takes its name from this material: the cottonwood. Cottonwood has also historically been used as a source of timber for various construction projects, and as a source of firewood. With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. The Cottonwood seeds are attached to structures that resemble tufts of cotton and this allows the seeds to spread over long distances in the wind before settling to ground. The lanceleaf cottonwood (Populus acuminata), hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9, is an exception, usually living fewer than 50 years. The cotton is extremely flammable, try lighting with a match and see how quickly it burns. In fact, Cisco says the seeds can sprout in just one day after hitting the ground. There's just something about the texture and consistency of the wood that feels good to the hand, and makes for a good, solid piece. Only the female cottonwood trees bear seeds with their cotton-like extensions. Usually, only male cottonwood saplings are sold in nurseries, even though it is legal to grow both genders. The bark of cottonwoods is gray, and it tends to be deeply ridged and grooved. Could someone advise how far the roots travel and would they be likely to cause a problem in a small paved area? You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It is frequently made into medicine through infused oils or salves and is also used in perfumery. Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are co Do you have any ideas, or tips? 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. It has long been prized in the Great Plains where it … Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. The black cottonwood is indigenous to our area and is the fastest growing native tree in North America. My neighbor has planted several of these trees which fit the description, but they are only three or four years old. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Cottonwoods are used as shade trees and grow naturally throughout the United States. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. Cottonwood has been used for many things through the years including; shelving, framing, paneling, sub floors, crates, pallets, lowboy decks, saddles, and caskets. An established cottonwood tree doesn't need fertilizer on a regular basis; fertilizer can cause too much soft, tender growth that damages easily. Populus sect. Some of them are nearly 20 feet high. Cottonwood trees are found primarily in North America, with a large percentage in the Midwestern United States. These humongous trees are a major part of American forest ecosystems, especially those that are near water bodies such as rivers and lakes. The high rate of growth compromises on the strength of the wood, making it vulnerable to decay, fungal infections like blight, and pests such as borer. Shop 3.25-gallon cottonless cottonwood shade tree in pot (l3624) in the trees section of Lowes.com Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Pros & Cons of a Garden Mulch Bed vs. Non-Mulch Bed, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. The Plains Cottonwood tree (Populus sargenti) also known as the Poplar is a tall tree named for its cotton-like seeds. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. What Should I Know About Tree Transplanting. Sycamores (Plantanus occidentalis) and cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) are different species of trees. Cottonwoods produce hairy encapsulated fruit in dangling chains in the fall. spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors. Female cottonwood trees (“cotton-producing”) are pollinated by male cottonwood trees in early spring and they then produce small capsules. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoids) dominates eastern North America, stretching from New Hampshire to the Dakotas and south down to Texas and northern Florida. And does anybody reading this have any clue as to what I could do with all that fluff? We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! If you all do ever get the opportunity to get some cottonwood tree carvings, you should certainly take it -- carving cottonwood is a dying art, and it's only going to get harder to find a good piece. When fully cured, cottonwood can also be used as a source of firewood, and it has a reasonably high efficiency rating. Wood pulp of the tree is used to make high quality paper, or the wood is used to make boxes and crates. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. During springtime, these seeds cause serious litter problems, by almost entirely covering large stretches of ground. Narrowleaf cottonwood trees generate large amounts of suckers from their, which can cause excess saplings in the location. Could someone advise me, please? But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Sprouts and inner bark of the trees were used as a food ingredient. What are these soft cotton-like globs from? The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America. Aigeiros Populus fremontii in fall color Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Malpighiales Family: Salicaceae Genus: Populus Section: Populus sect. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These trees come under the USDA hardiness rating of zone 2-9. It also makes the wood bad for lumber usage. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. 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