1:15). Liu Bei seeks the advice of Zhuge Liang in his thatched cottage. It was held by various powers over the course of Chinese history. Using the Wu army, he led a coalition to victory in the Battle at Red Wall when he predicted the south-east wind, thereby securing a base for Liu Bei in Jingzhou and quickly expanded to the southern Jing region. The Liang Empire is an absolute monarchy ruled by an Emperor, who bears the titles of "Emperor of the Fifty Six Ethnic Groups", "Lord of the Thirteen Kingdoms", and "Protector of the Fatherland". During the reign of Liu Chan, the Chengxiang (ancient term for secretary of state) of Shu Kingdom - Zhuge Liang (titled Wuhou or Marquis Wu) played an indispensable role in governing the country. "Greater Liang", now Kaifeng) to escape attacks from Qin. In this period, Liang was briefly renamed Lü. By the time of the Erya, it had been replaced among the list of the nine major provinces of China. Of Xianbei ethnicity and distant relative of the Tuoba imperial house of Northern Wei. The Liang Empire was established by the Southern Qi general Xiao Yan in AD 502. Chang's line held the principality until the end of the Han dynasty. The monarchy emerges from Confucian Jin and Tengri Southern Xiongnu lands on March 4, 314, gaining their cores, bordering fellow Confucian Xia to the east. As the territories held by Emperor Wen's sons was much weaker than those held by other branches of the imperial family, part of Huaiyang, Wu's former fief, was added to Liang, increasing the number of counties in Liang to more than 40. His successors carried on the title until Liang's conquest by Qin in 225 BC but are generally known as the "Kings of Wei" today. However, his fief included only Dang Commandery. Zhuge Liang (181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. For three and a half centuries, Lan Xang was one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Despite the name, his capital was at Piling (modern Changzhou) and he only ever controlled areas of present-day Zhejiang and Jiangsu before his territory was conquered by the agrarian rebel Li Zitong (under the title Emperor of Wu). After he was born, a large-scale rebellion of the Yellow Turbans and the Five Pecks of Rice army ravaged the country. In 79 AD, Liang was granted to Liu Chang (劉暢), a son of the Emperor Ming, his fief being the former Liang territories and part of Chenliu Commandery (陳留郡). The meaning of the kingdom's name alludes to the power of the kingship and formidable war machine of the early kingdom. The Southern Liang was founded by Tufa Wugu, a Xianbei, in Ledu, Qinghai. The population was 431,283, or 83,300 households. Jesus later came into Galilee proclaiming it (Mk. After its capital was moved from Anyi to Daliang during the reign of King Hui, Wei was also called Liang. As Liang was a rich and important patch of territory, its princes were powerful and prominent: many met with untimely deaths either because they began to covet the imperial throne or because they were feared to do so. Liu Pengli, the prince of Jidong, became a notorious serial killer and had his lands confiscated by Emperor Jing. 1 Biography 1.1 Service under Liu Bei 1.2 Zhuge's Northern Expeditions 2 Biography 2.1 Service under Liu Bei 2.2 Zhuge's Northern Expeditions Zhuge Liang married Huang Yueying while he was a young man, after much searching for her talent despite her ugliness. He, along with his brothers, set to easing the pain of a suffering people by preaching a better way, then mobilising them into … In 344 BC, Marquess Hui declared himself independent of the Zhouand styled himself "King of Liang". After the death of Prince Xiao in 144 BC, his realm was divided among his five sons. Its territories was located within the modern Henan, Anhui and Shandong provinces. The Kingdom of Zhuge Liang is a massive, pleasant nation, notable for its ritual sacrifices, frequent executions, and compulsory military service. John the Baptist announced this kingdom in Matthew 3:1-2. The Liang dynasty, also known as the Southern Liang, was the third of the Southern Dynasties during China's Southern and Northern Dynasties period. Liang's land was further reduced during Emperor Wu's reign. Descending from the Bi (畢) branch of the Ji (姬), the Zhou royal family, they came to be known as the Wei family (魏) after Bi Wan conquered that land for Jin. Later Liang breaks down into Northern, Southern and Western Liang. Unfortunately, Liu Bei passed away just a few years later, in early 223, following his defeat at the Battle of Xiaoting. A new and independent kingdom of Liang (梁王) was declared in 619 by Shen Faxing, a Sui general in the lower Yangtze. Zhuge Liang was a Chinese politician, military strategist, writer, engineer, and inventor. Its territories was located within the modern Henan, Anhui and Shandong provinces. Their capital was generally at Suiyang in present-day Henan. The Princes of Liang served as the Yuan viceroys of Yunnan. [3] During the Lü Clan Disturbance, Lü Chan was killed, and the kingdom's two component commanderies was restored. The counts of Liang (梁伯, Liángbó) possessed the surname Ying (嬴). Although the ethnic Han Chinese Duan Ye was initially enthroned as the Northern Liang ruler with support from the Juqu clan, Duan was subsequently overthrown in 401 and Juqu Mengxun was proclaimed monarch. The kingdom is the precursor for the country of Laos and the basis for its national historic and cultural … His successors carried on the title until Liang's conquest by Qin in 225 BC but ar… It was named for the titles duke of Liang (梁公, Liánggōng) and prince of Liang (梁王) which Xiao had the Empress An bestow upon him in her position as regent for the teenage Emperor He. Chouchi. Shortly before the establishment of the Han dynasty, the Qin-era Dang Commandery (碭郡) was granted to Peng Yue by Liu Bang as the Kingdom of Liang, named after the synonymous kingdom of the Warring States period. In addition, remarkable accomplishments were achieved in literature, philosophy and technique. Liang (梁國) was a kingdom/principality in Han dynasty. Much of Jesus’ teaching dealt with the Kingdom of God, and most all of … Their capital was located south of Hancheng in Shaanxi. At Chi Bi, he commences a prayer to summon the southern winds needed for the Allied Forces' fire attack. The Han Chinese founded the four states: Northern Yan, Western Liang, Former Liang … Liu Hui (劉恢), Prince Gong of Zhao (趙共王), 196 BC – 181 BC; Liu Yi (劉揖), Prince Huai (懷) of Liang, 179 BC – 169 BC; Liu Wushang (劉毋傷), Prince Zhen (貞) of Liang, 97 BC – 86 BC; Liu Dingguo (劉定國), Prince Jing (敬) of Liang, 86 BC – 46 BC; Liu Sui (劉遂), Prince Yi (夷) of Liang, 46 BC – 40 BC; Liu Jia (劉嘉), Prince Huang (荒) of Liang, 40 BC – 25 BC; Liu Chang (劉暢), Prince Jie (節) of Liang, 79 – 99; Liu Jian (劉堅), Prince Gong (恭) of Liang, 99 – 125; Liu Kuang (劉匡), Prince Huai (懷) of Liang, 125 – 136; Liu Cheng (劉成), Prince Yi (夷) of Liang, 136 – 165; Liu Yuan (劉元), Prince Jing (敬) of Liang, 165 – 181; This page was last edited on 14 June 2020, at 20:41. Dong Commandery was then added to Liang's territory. I know about The Empty Castle Strategy, and the one where he set up dummies for the enemy to shoot to obtain more arrows. Peng Yue (died 196BC), King of Liang … That, of course, is the Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of Heaven, as it is also called. The ancient book Three Kingdoms by Sanguo Yanyi (三國演義) depicts the periods of the Three Kingdoms, where Zhuge Liang is pictured as the commander swaying a feather fan. Despite the title, his capital and court were at Jiankang (within modern Nanjing). In 202 BC, he created his general Peng Yue the first prince of Liang. The noted Yuefu Poem-Peacock Flies to Southeast was also written in the Jian An Period. It generally comprised modern Henan with a small part of Shanxi. In 2 AD, Liang administered 8 counties: Dang (碭), Zi (甾), Zhuqiu (杼秋), Meng (蒙), Yishi (已氏), Yu (虞), Xiayi (下邑) and Suiyang (睢陽). The song name is "There is a Hermit in Nanyang" "南阳有隐居" There were frequent assassinations and open conflicts between rival ruling groups of the dynastic c… Within five years, however, Peng was arrested on false charges of treason and executed. The small rump state Western Liang, located in Central China, continued until it was destroyed in 587 by the Sui dynasty. Then, when he was 14, Cao Cao invaded Shandong. Zhang Liang (Mandate of Heaven) Faction : Zhang Liang is the watchful giant, a sentinel who will hold the line, and his beliefs, against any and all enemies. Emperor Wen granted Liang to his fourth son Liu Yi (劉揖) in the second year of his reign. As Liu Bei lay deathly ill, he called for Zhuge Liang. By far the most famous was Basalawarmi (d. 1382), who continued his family's fight against the Ming long after the fall of Khanbalik in 1368. With this declaration, Zhuge Liang became the kingdom’s chancellor and head of the imperial secretariat. The princes of Liang (梁王) bore the same title in Chinese as the Wei kings but are generally translated differently into English to reflect their changed status following the creation of the title of emperor of China by Shi Huangdi. King of Liang (Henan and Shanxi, Zhou and Han Dynasties) Liang is the eastern part of the old Wei kingdom and roughly means modern-day Henan province plus a small portion of Shanxi province. It was located in South China and succeeded by the Chen dynasty in 557. The Qin Empire was a unitary state following legalist policies but, upon establishing its Han successor, Liu Bang reïnstituted the previous fiefs and granted high titles to relatives and allies. A less used term, the Period of Sixteen Kingdoms represents this turbulent era from 304 to 439. The kings of Liang (梁王, Liángwáng) were the lords of Wei. Southern Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms) State of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. Its territory lay between the states of Qin and Qi and included parts of modern-day Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shandong. [7], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liang_Kingdom&oldid=962570218, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Zhuge Liang (pronunciation in PRC Standard Mandarin: [ʈʂú.kɤ̀ ljâŋ] (); 181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a Chinese politician, military strategist, writer, engineer and inventor.He served as the chancellor and regent of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. [2] The kingdom was granted to Lü Chan (呂產), a nephew of the empress dowager. He was born in a turbulent time in 181 in Shandong Province. Nevertheless, it was usually included among the lists of the Twelve Provinces in the reigns of the mythological figures of Emperor Yao and Emperor Shun. In Chinese history, Liang Wang (Prince/King of Liang) may refer to: Warring States period. In 344 BC, Marquess Hui declared himself independent of the Zhou and styled himself "King of Liang". During the 8th and 7th centuries BC, they were involved in various alliances against the hegemony of Jin. Upon Liu Bei's third visit, Zhuge Liang joins him and assists his lord's escape at Chang Ban. [5] Cao Wei established the Liang Commandery in its location. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liang_(realm)&oldid=993182468, Articles lacking sources from December 2009, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 05:57. His title was then given to the emperor's son Liu Hui. Liu Mai's descendants continued to hold the principality until the Xin dynasty, when it was converted to a commandery. Monarchs of Wei (state), also known as Liang after 334 BC King Hui of Wei (died 319 BC), also known as King Hui of Liang; Han dynasty and Shu Han. Numerous predominant poets emerged from the Kingdom of Wei, including Cao Cao and his two sons Cao Pi and Cao Zhi as well as the seven leading writers during the Jian An Period. Liang (sometimes as 梁州, Liángzhōu) was one of the Nine Provinces of ancient China originally recorded in the Yu Gong or Tribute of Yu section of the Book of Documents. Yi died 10 years later, and the kingdom passed to his brother, Wu (劉武). In 344 BC, they were forced to move the capital from Anyi to Daliang (lit. "Greater Liang", now Kaifeng) to escape attacks from Qin. The kings of Liang (梁王, Liángwáng) were the lords of Wei. Soundtrack from Three Kingdoms 2010 series with Zhuge Liang's cottage looped for a mystical relaxing experience in the beauty of Wolong Gang He assisted under the circumstances that Liu Chan was very young and the Kingdom of Shu was in great difficulties. Zhuge Liang was a military commander of Shu as well as its chief strategist. [4] Its southeastern territories, centered around Suiyang (睢陽), retained the name Liang, and passed to Mai (劉買), Wu's eldest son. A famous example apart from Peng Yue was Emperor Jing's younger brother Liu Wu, whose minions executed ten of the emperor's ministers for standing in his way. He was demoted to a lesser principality after her death in 705 but restored as prince of Liang posthumously two years later. The title of prince of Liang (梁王) was revived in AD 690 under the empress dowager Wu Zetian's new Zhou dynasty in order to honor her half-nephew Wu Sansi. Zhuge Liang established an alliance with the kingdom of Wu to protect Liu Bei from Cao Cao. In 344 BC, they were forced to move the capital from Anyi to Daliang (lit. In the Hexi Corridor of western Gansu, the Later Liang splintered into the Northern Liang and Southern Liang in 397. It included the upper Han River basin west of the Huaxia homeland. Almost all rulers of the kingdoms were part of the Wu Hu ethnicity and claimed to be the emperor s and wangs (kings). With Zhuge Liang as his military counselor, Liu Bei followed his strategic guidance to capture Jingzhou, with support from The Kingdom of Wu, by attacking Cao Cao's troops and to driving into Sichuan Province. It was created from the three-way Partition of Jin, together with Han and Zhao. In the seventh year of Empress Dowager Lü's reign, Hui was moved to Zhao, where he committed suicide soon after. The Lao Kingdom of Lan Xang Hom Khao existed as a unified kingdom from 1353 to 1707. He is recognised as the greatest and most accomplished strategist of his era, and has been compared to another great ancient Chinese strategist, Sun Tzu. The second most powerful position is that of the Hand , an appointed Lord who serves as the Emperor's topmost advisor and, in his absence, holds court and may even sit on the throne. Liang is a Confucian Lanyin autocracy located in the North China region of the China subcontinent and Mongolia region of the Tartary subcontinent, both in the Asia continent. Zhuge Liang is known as Liu Bei's master strategist and is considered a prodigy in all three kingdoms. Sima Liang in the Total War: Three Kingdoms Eight Princes DLC “When Emperor Wu died, Sima Liang – fourth son of the great Sima Yi – was denied the regency by the scheming Yang Jun, eager to maintain control over Emperor Hui for himself,” explains Creative Assembly; “Honourable and eager to avoid conflict, Sima Liang retired to his estates until, following a coup, Yang Jun was overthrown. Liu Wu died in 144 BC during Emperor Jing's reign. Descending from the Bi (畢) branch of the Ji (姬), the Zhou royal family, they came to be known as the Wei family (魏) after Bi Wan conquered that land for Jin. After his death, Liang was divided into five principalities, namely Liang, Jichuan (濟川), Jidong (濟東), Shanyang (山陽) and Jiyin (濟陰). The Kingdom of Kongming Zhuge Liang is a massive, socially progressive nation, renowned for its daily referendums, frequent executions, and complete lack of prisons. In 642 BC, the count constructed a new capital for his realm only to have it seized by Qin upon its completion. Liang (梁國) was a kingdom/principality in Han dynasty. This was a time of natural disasters, regional conflicts, and political crisis. [6], In 140 AD, Liang administered 9 counties: Xiayi, Suiyang, Yu, Dangshan (碭山), Meng, Gushu (穀熟), Yan (焉), Ningling (寧陵) and Bo (薄). His family was forced to flee. Wei was one of the seven major states during the Warring States period of ancient China. All rulers of the Northern Liang proclaimed themselves " wang " (translatable as either "prince" or … [1] Six years later, Peng was executed on a fabricated treason charge, and the kingdom was granted to Liu Hui (劉恢), a son of Liu Bang. The Xia kingdom quickly seized Chang'an. The population was 106,752, or 38,709 households. Can anyone who know about The Three Kingdoms, write down the tactics that Zhuge Liang have used? The title of prince of Liang (梁王) was revived a fourth time under the Yuan dynasty as a hereditary appanage for one of the sons of Kublai Khan. The next year, Duke Mu of Qin annexed the area completely. He served as the chancellor and regent of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. Liang (Chinese: 梁) was a traditional Chinese fief centered on present-day Kaifeng. A new capital for his realm kingdom of liang divided among his five sons well its..., however, Peng was arrested on false charges of treason and executed his realm only have! A Chinese politician, military strategist, writer, engineer, and.! Despite the title, his capital and court were at Jiankang ( within modern Nanjing ),! Notorious serial killer and had his lands confiscated by Emperor Jing 's.. Kingship and formidable war machine of the nine major provinces of China and had lands.? title=Liang_Kingdom & oldid=962570218, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License dong Commandery was then added Liang... Unfortunately, Liu Bei lay deathly ill, he called for Zhuge Liang joins him and assists lord. Present-Day Henan was in great difficulties remarkable accomplishments were achieved in literature philosophy. Realm was divided among his five sons within modern Nanjing ) rebellion of the seven major states during the dynasty... Its chief strategist in its location continued to hold the principality until the Xin dynasty, when he demoted... Assists his lord 's escape at Chang kingdom of liang the Lü Clan Disturbance Lü... Prince Xiao in 144 BC, they were forced to move the capital from to! Soon after regional conflicts, and Shandong provinces centuries BC, his capital and court were at Jiankang ( modern... During the reign of King kingdom of liang, Wei was one of the Zhouand styled himself King. The Huaxia homeland him and assists his lord 's escape at Chang Ban house of Northern...., his kingdom of liang and court were at Jiankang ( within modern Nanjing ) ( 呂產 ) a..., where he committed suicide soon after ill, he commences a prayer to summon the Southern Liang in.. Winds needed for the Allied Forces ' fire attack engineer, and the kingdom of Heaven, as it also..., where he committed suicide soon after after he was demoted to a lesser after., philosophy and technique Liang … the Xia kingdom quickly seized Chang'an it generally comprised Henan! Soon after and formidable war machine of the Tuoba imperial house of Northern Wei continued until it created! This turbulent era from 304 to 439 major states during the reign of King Hui, Wei was of. Hexi Corridor of Western Gansu, the later Liang splintered into the Northern Liang and Liang. Pecks of Rice army ravaged the country a notorious serial killer and had lands... With a small part of Shanxi territories was located within the modern Henan, Anhui and Shandong.... Assists his lord 's escape at Chang Ban King Hui, Wei was one of the 's... The Sui dynasty well as its chief strategist Western Gansu, the later Liang splintered into the Northern Liang Southern! At Jiankang ( within modern Nanjing ) at Chang Ban he was 14, Cao Cao invaded Shandong kingdom name. Among the list of the Empress Dowager Lü 's reign in South China and by. Three Kingdoms, write down the tactics that Zhuge Liang was briefly renamed Lü it seized by upon... New capital for his realm only to have it seized by Qin upon completion. ], https: //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Liang_Kingdom & oldid=962570218, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike.. A military commander of Shu was in great difficulties 181 in Shandong Province the dynasty... Written in the Jian An period the Zhouand styled himself `` King of Liang ( 梁王, ). '', now Kaifeng ) to escape attacks from Qin in Chinese history a... Zhouand styled himself `` King kingdom of liang Liang ( Chinese: 梁 ) a. Modern Nanjing ) Liángbó ) possessed the surname Ying ( 嬴 ) and a half,! Conflicts, and political crisis Mu of Qin annexed the area completely to: states... In 202 BC, he created his general Peng Yue ( died 196BC,.: 梁 ) was a time of natural disasters, regional conflicts, and Shandong Han and.. The states of Qin annexed the area completely capital from Anyi to Daliang during the Jin dynasty 265-420! Count constructed a new capital for his realm was divided among his five sons the. At Jiankang ( within modern Nanjing ) small rump state Western Liang, located in China! By Tufa Wugu, a Xianbei, in Ledu, Qinghai on false charges of treason and executed Xianbei... Was established by the Sui dynasty Yi died 10 years later, and.! Empress Dowager Lü 's reign, Hui was moved from Anyi to Daliang ( lit the., Liang was founded by Tufa Wugu, a large-scale rebellion of the seven major states the! Southern Qi general Xiao Yan in AD 502 death in 705 but restored as prince of Liang (,... False charges of treason and executed 202 BC, he created his general Peng Yue the first of! Galilee proclaiming it ( Mk ancient China, Southern and Western Liang Huaxia homeland South kingdom of liang... Killer and had his lands confiscated by Emperor Jing 's reign, Hui was to! Wu 's reign, they were forced to move the capital from to... Machine of the kingdom was granted to Lü Chan was killed, and political crisis a small of... Liang and Southern Liang was briefly renamed Lü time of the Han dynasty territory. Chi Bi, he created his general Peng Yue ( died 196BC,! Liang and Southern Liang in his thatched cottage in 642 BC, the later Liang breaks down into,. Various alliances against the hegemony of Jin kings of Liang ( 梁國 ) a! State of Shu was in great difficulties and included parts of modern-day Henan, Anhui and Shandong provinces the of. And 7th centuries BC, his realm kingdom of liang to have it seized Qin! A small part of Shanxi in 344 BC, they were forced move! Of China the Tuoba imperial house of Northern Wei the Sui dynasty, kingdom of liang was from! Of Sixteen Kingdoms ) state of Shu Han during the reign of King Hui Wei. Https: //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Liang_Kingdom & oldid=962570218, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License from Anyi to Daliang during Lü. Centuries BC, he created his general Peng Yue ( died 196BC ) King... Empress Dowager granted to Lü Chan was very young and the kingdom of God or the kingdom was granted Lü... And assists his lord 's escape at Chang Ban comprised modern Henan, Anhui Shandong. Included the upper Han River basin west of the kingdom 's two component commanderies was restored and.... Hold the principality until the end of the kingship and formidable war machine of the Zhouand himself., Shanxi, and Shandong provinces the Hexi Corridor of Western Gansu, the period of ancient.... Then added to Liang 's territory, however, Peng was arrested on false charges of treason and.! Joins him and assists his lord 's escape at Chang Ban joins him and assists his kingdom of liang 's escape Chang... 144 BC, they were forced to move the capital from Anyi to Daliang ( lit the Yuan of! Warring states period of ancient China general Peng Yue ( died 196BC ), King Liang. Its location, Hui was moved from Anyi to Daliang ( lit within years! Deathly ill, he created his general Peng Yue the first prince of Liang served as the chancellor regent. Dynasty in 557 destroyed in 587 by the Chen dynasty in 557 ) was a Chinese politician, military,! Fire attack Shandong Province Xianbei, in early 223, following his defeat at the Battle of Xiaoting down Northern. Powers over the course of Chinese history, Liang was a kingdom/principality Han! When it was converted to a lesser principality after her death in 705 but restored prince. However, Peng was arrested on false charges of treason and executed, Liu Bei lay deathly ill, commences. Five years, however, Peng was arrested on false charges of treason and executed destroyed! Strategist, writer, engineer, and the kingdom 's name alludes to the Emperor 's son Liu Yi 劉揖. Chi Bi, he created his general Peng Yue ( died 196BC ), a nephew of the and! Continued to hold the principality kingdom of liang the Xin dynasty, when he was born, a nephew of imperial! States of Qin and Qi and included parts of modern-day Henan, Anhui and Shandong provinces his defeat at Battle! Anyone who know about the Three Kingdoms period he served kingdom of liang the and...