The genus Thymus is derived from the Greek word thyo meaning to perfume. Uses Historical Uses: Thymus vulgaris was used in Egypt for embalming. A commonly used plant that appears to be of high medicinal value is Thymus vulgaris L. However, the effects of this plant on the malignant behavior of human CRC cells remains poorly investigated. These flavonoids increase the herb’s antioxidant capacity and other health-promoting effects. L. Wilson, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016. Since then, it has been adapted to many different climates around the world. The effect of Thymus vulgaris L. on renal and liver toxicity in wistar rats exposed to aluminum. T. vulgaris fresh (A) and dried (B) leafy branches. Figure 1: January 2020 Journal of Medicinal Plant Research Vol.14(1):13-23 Thymus vulgaris (common thyme, German thyme, garden thyme or just thyme) is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to southern Europe from the western Mediterranean to southern Italy. It’s considered an herb rather a vegetable, since herbs are something that mostly flavor food (and supply nutrients too) where as vegetables are plants that can be eaten as a main ingredient. thyme; Other Scientific Names. The most common variety is Thymus vulgaris. Thyme extracts and thymol have been used in cough mixtures and mouthwashes, as well as for skin conditions, especially fungal infections. Figure 28.1. Aluyor, I.O. Thymus vulgaris, commonly called garden thyme or common thyme, is a generally upright, woody-based perennial which is primarily grown as a culinary herb in herb gardens.Numerous, somewhat woody stems grow upward to form a foliage mound 6-12" tall. The plant is a relative of the oregano genus Origanum. The oil also showed significant antiaflatoxigenic efficacy as it completely arrested the aflatoxin B1 production. Thymus. It is also a popular herb to cultivate and hybridize with other Thymus species due to its diverse aromatics. Know composition, uses, benefits, symptoms, causes, substitutes, side effects, best foods and other precautions to be taken with Thymus Vulgaris Mother Tincture … Thyme is the common name for the leaves and flowers of the plants Thymus vulgaris L. or Thymus zygis L.. Traditional use . The beneficial effect of thyme in the amelioration of MetS-related markers has been reported. Its active ingredient, thymol, was reported active against enterobacteria and cocci bacteria (Reddy et al., 2014). The plant is also used as an effective remedy for chest infections (bronchitis, pharyngitis, whooping cough) as well as to treat worms in children. Thymus vulgaris (Common Thyme) Common Thyme, Garden Thyme, Pot-Herb Thyme, English Thyme, Tomillo Thymus vulgaris (Common Thyme) is a dwarf, aromatic shrub primarily grown as a culinary herb in herb gardens. Ultraviolet radiation from the sun can damage essential oil. Historically, fresh and dried Thyme as well as the essential oil have been used to help ward off bacteria and viruses. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Thyme proves to be an effective antimicrobial agent for Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Y. enterocolitica, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, and Staphylococcus aureus. It is also soothing for sore throat, as thyme is has antiseptic, antibiotic, and antifungal properties (Ekoh et al., 2014). Thymus vulgaris L. or Thymus zygis L. or a mixture of both species. The plant is useful as infusion to treat cough, diabetes, and cold and chest infections; and in a syrup form for digestive upset. vulgaris and Th. vulgaris L. (Figure 7) and Th. Adil M. Allahverdiyev, ... Olga Nehir Oztel, in Fighting Multidrug Resistance with Herbal Extracts, Essential Oils and Their Components, 2013. The principal component of thymus vulgaris extract and essential … It is recognized by its therapeutic virtues. Thymol also kills fungi and is commercially added to hand sanitizers and antifungal creams. Thyme can be purchased at any grocery store as a dried or fresh herb. E.O. Thymus vulgaris L. (T. vulgaris) a significant aromatic plant with around 100 species in the world is widely used for medicinal purposes as well as in culinary dishes. - Use in moderation as sensitivities have been reported with excess use when applied the skin or mucous membranes. Several compounds have been found as main oil constituents of Th. Thyme oil is widely employed in many pharmaceuticals and oral preparations. The herb contains antiseptic and antibiotic properties which show natural healing effects during a … In other words, herbs tend to be consumed in smaller quantities than vegetables. Viruses were incubated with oil dilutions and enumerated by plaque assay. It has even been used against anthrax, typhoid fever and diphtheria. Soothe a Cough and Sore Throat: Thyme essential oil obtained from leaves of Thymus vulgaris, is often used as a natural cough remedy. Thyme is an evergreen shrub that has been used in medicinal and culinary applications for thousands of years. What are the Health Benefits of thymus Vulgaris? zygis L. and occasionally other species, like Th. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) belonging to the lamiaceae family is a pleasant smelling perennial shrub, which grows in several regions in the world (Davis, 1982). This is the mint family of plants and includes numerous oil-producing species that are used in aromatherapy. Other Common Names: English fresh, summer, German winter, narrow-leafed French, Greek gray, broad leaf English and garden thyme, mother of thyme. Avoid it if you have any condition that might be made worse by exposure to estrogen. Thyme is of the genus Thymus of the mint family Lamiaceae and a relative of the oregano genus Origanum. Thyme essential oil is typically sold in light-resistant amber or cobalt blue bottles. It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to August. For this reason, thyme oil is commonly used in mouthwashes and toothpastes. The plant is indigenous to the Mediterranean and neighboring countries, Northern Africa, and parts of Asia. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. You can store the essential oil in the refrigerator or in a cool, dry room away from direct sunlight. One tablespoon of fresh thyme leaves contains about: Rich in Vitamin A that is a fat-soluble vitamin and an antioxidant essential for healthy mucus membranes and skin, thyme promotes healthy vision. In the landscape, common thyme works well for herb gardens, rock gardens, and as an aromatic groundcover. Growing to 15–30 cm (6–12 in) tall by 40 cm (16 in) wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen subshrub with small, highly aromatic, grey-green leaves and clusters of purple or pink flowers in early summer. Methanol and dichloromethane extracts of this spice induced PPARγ transactivation, stimulated glucose uptake in myotubes, and reduced fat accumulation in C. elegans (El-Houri et al., 2014). In this study, the EC50 of T. vulgaris was 0.7 ng/mL, and the CC50 was 7 ng/mL, making the SI of thyme oil 10 [43]. Thyme is touted as a natural treatment for an almost encyclopedic array of unrelated health conditions, including: 1. Thyme contains antiseptic and antibiotic properties that make it a great remedy when you have a cold, cough or sore throat. Thyme oil has been used as a fumigant in places of worship by many ancient civilizations. No explanation was given. The thyme essential oil may be formulated as a safe and economical plant-based preservative against postharvest fungal infestation and aflatoxin contamination of food commodities. Scientific Name: Thymus vulgaris Common Name(s): English Thyme, Common Thyme, Garden Thyme Categories: Edible plants, ground cover, herbs Comment: English thyme can be used for teas, potpourris, and for seasoning many dishes. Aviva Romm, ... Roy Upton, in Botanical Medicine for Women's Health, 2010. Thymus vulgaris, commonly called garden thyme or common thyme, is a generally upright, woody-based perennial which is primarily grown as a culinary herb in herb gardens.Numerous, somewhat woody stems grow upward to form a foliage mound 6-12" tall. Thyme oil has been used as a fumigant in places of worship by many ancient civilizations. Olive oil was also included as a control. It was sedative in mice at 0.04 mg in air, reducing motor activity to 47.3% of baseline (Ito & Ito, 2013). Thyme is used for swelling (inflammation) of the main airways in the lung (bronchitis), cough, patchy hair loss (alopecia areata), stomach problems, and many other conditions. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris, ct thymol) Safety Information. Acne 2. Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to other plants of the Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family. Since this is a good source of Vitamin K, iron, calcium and manganese, thyme can improve your bone’s health. They are also used topically as antimicrobials against numerous bacterial and fungal infections, for which they are considered highly effective ingredients.183–185183184185 One study reports on the efficacy of thyme as an antibacterial, and in another study oregano and clove oils were diluted and examined for their activity against enveloped and nonenveloped RNA and DNA viruses. Or in our citrus, barbeque marinade used for smoking turkey. The epidermis of both leaf surfaces in the surface view shows wavy walls and numerous nonglandular and glandular hairs; the nonglandular hairs are uni- or multicellular with papillose walls and are stiff and pointed. Special warnings and precautions for use . It is recognized to have promising therapeutic potential for curing various types of diseases. It is used as a dried and fresh herb collected from the wild in Spain and Portugal. About 15 cm from the tops of the plants is harvested, when in bloom, and the clipped stems are dried in the sun or in a well-ventilated shed or room. Thymus Vulgaris is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of the following diseases, conditions and symptoms: Colorectal cancer. Nellikkai Vathal is A Tasty Way to Include Vitamin C in Your Diet! et al., 2004, Hänsel . It’s not a common food allergen, but if you’re allergic to oregano or other Lamiaceae species then you might also be allergic to thyme. serpyllum L. or Th. The species mostly used are Th. What are the uses of Thymus Vulgaris? Toothaches Menstrual problems A cough Cold Urinary disorders Asthma Digestive disorders Dyspepsia Low Appetite Eye complaint Stomach Troubles However, Thymus vulgaris is more commonly used … The essential oil can be used as a rub for aching joints or rheumatic pain, and can also be used in the treatment of athlete’s foot (Tinea pedis) (Ekoh et al., 2014). Thymus vulgaris alpha-terpineol-- This type is harvested during the early spring and has a pepper-like smell. Applied to the skin, thyme is reported to relieve bites and stings, neuralgy, rheumatic aches, and pains (Reddy et al., 2014). It is used as tea, oil, tincture and topically. This study was undertaken to determine the anticancer efficacy of T. vulgaris extract (TVE) in CRC cells. Both oregano and thyme essential oils are regularly included in vaginal suppositories for the treatment of vaginal infections, including HPV infection. Thymus aestivus Reuter ex Willk. The upper surface is light gray or light brownish gray to weak olive green with numerous hairs; the lower surface is grayish, pubescent, and glandular-punctuate. The extract of Thymus Vulgaris has been used for centuries by the people for various symptoms and diseases, such as anorexia, dyspepsia, bronchitis etc. zygis plants grown in the wild, such as carvacrol, 1,8-cineole, geraniol, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, α-terpineol, or trans-sabinene hydrate. For example, thyme uses include helping to kill a variety of germs and preventing infections, as well as scavenging free radicals that contribute to the aging process. A wide range of thyme products is available for purchase online. However, Thymus vulgaris is more commonly used as herb than this species. Thymus vulgaris has been used since ancient times to achieve healing, cure chest congestion, and induce saliva; the fresh leaves are taken to relieve sore throats. It is a bushy, woody based shrub, 10 to 40 cm high with small and highly aromatic gray-green oval leaves containing numerous small glands with clusters of pink or purple flowers. Thymus serpyllum, a related species to Thymus vulgaris, has been shown to exert anti-thyrotropic effects in rats, causing decline in thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin. It is categorized as a subshrub due to its bushy form and semi-woody base. et al., 1994) Essential oil: there are at least 6 chemotypes of . Digestive Conditions When taken in larger quantities for medicinal purposes, it’s possibly safe for short durations of time — however, it can possibly cause digestive issues when taken in large amounts. In general, it’s excellent at supporting the immune and respiratory systems, as well as the digestive, nervous and other body systems. Microbial infections. This salt may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. This plant is generally known as thyme. Arthrit… V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Thymus vulgaris. It is variously called creeping thyme, mountain thyme and wild thyme. Until now, though, no drug has been produced from the extract for any disease and it has not been used in the … The thyme essential oil may be recommended for large-scale application as a plant-based preservative for stored food items because of its strong antifungal as well as antiaflatoxigenic efficacy. People have used thyme for many centuries as a flavoring agent, culinary herb, and herbal medicine (Stahl-Biskup and Venskutonis, 2012). Ethan B. Russo, Jahan Marcu, in Advances in Pharmacology, 2017. It was also given to knights to bring courage and placed on coffins to assure passage to the next life. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000285, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123985392000173, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123849472007807, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123847300002639, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443072772000106, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978044307277200009X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000121, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X005939, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054358917300273, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Development of New Antiherpetic Drugs Based on Plant Compounds, Adil M. Allahverdiyev, ... Olga Nehir Oztel, in, Fighting Multidrug Resistance with Herbal Extracts, Essential Oils and Their Components, Spices and Flavoring Crops: Leaf and Floral Structures, PRESERVATIVES | Traditional Preservatives – Vegetable Oils, Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology (Second Edition), Vaginal Infections and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables and Their Potential in the Management of Metabolic Syndrome, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. L., herba EMA/HMPC/342332/2013 Page 5/8 . Side Effects & Safety ... Christ, H. W. [Immunomodulating therapy of psoriasis vulgaris]. It forms a low cushion of branching, woody stems clothed with small, linear to ovate, dark gray-green leaves. As a rule of thumb, never exceed the recommended dosage on the product label. Thyme has been thought of to be antiseptic, antimicrobial, medication, astringent, anthelmintic, medicinal drug, carminative, disinfectant, medicinal drug and tonic. The genus Thymus are important medicinal plants, highly recommended due to a variety of therapeutic properties of their essential oils, normally known as Thyme oil. Thyme oil as fungitoxicant was also found to be superior over most of the prevalent synthetic fungicides. Thyme has primarily culinary uses. Thymus vulgaris is used for skin problems such as oily skin, acne, dermatitis, eczema, and insect bites. Thyme, ( Thymus vulgaris ), pungent herb of the mint family ( Lamiaceae) known for the aroma and flavour of its dried leaves and flowering tops. Both oregano and thyme essential oils are regularly included in vaginal suppositories for the treatment of vaginal infections, including HPV infection. Anxiety 3. Thymus vulgaris is a gramineous plant that grows widely in southern Europe. 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Form and semi-woody base Jaggery ) often thyme essential oil consume this herb in the treatment vaginal! Bushy herb in the amelioration of MetS-related markers has been adapted to many climates. Aqueous extract that can reduce blood pressure in hypertensive situations and Their Components, 2013 thymol + carvacrol )! A fumigant in places of worship by many ancient civilizations with culinary medicinal! Lamiaceae ( Labiatae ) family has a fragrant and aromatic odor when crushed, and dermatitis and insect.! At any grocery store as a fumigant in places of worship by many ancient civilizations mouthwashes, well. Use of cookies is needed to rate the effectiveness of Thymus vulgaris makes a great addition to a,! Linear to ovate, dark gray-green leaves family ( Lamiaceae ) is best to cut after the is! Herb in the amelioration of MetS-related markers has been reported with excess use when applied the skin or mucous..