When thinning water-based primers, KILZ recommends using no more than one-half pint of water per gallon of primer. If it thickens, just add a bit of dna. For airless spraying use a 0.017" to 0.019” tip at 2000 to 2500 psi. In short time! I've sprayed 123+ which is the same as smart prime. Yes, it is too thick for furniture purposes, and yes, you can thin it to any consistency you like with DNA. If you’ve ever looked through the Zinsser range you’ll see that they have a lot of different Zinssser primers to choose from. }); Thinning BullsEye 123 is designed to be used as is. To thin, pour the needed amount of primer into a container, then add water and stir until completely mixed. ), zinsser bullseye 123 primer sealer stain killer. I recommend cutting it by AT LEAST a third, and maybe more, depending. When thinning water-based primers, KILZ recommends using no more than one-half pint of water per gallon of primer. Hand-sanding, planing, and scraping can be better than power sanding for certain applications. Become an UNLIMITED member and get it all: searchable online archive of every issue, how-to videos, Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking digital series, print magazine, e-newsletter, and more. I will try various ratios suggested for this project, and I also appreciate the advice on brushes...lostcreek, I saw your question and used the answers below and the results were fabulous! I think I detect shellac missiles in the air! The dry primer Zinsser BIN & treating knots (or Bullseye 123), Zinsser bullseye 123 plus (moved from Projects). : 080112 1.DESCRIPTION AND USES . Thinned primer is helpful when using a spray-application method, since thick primers may clog the spray nozzle. Pete will set you straight. I'm pretty sure it is but don't want to mess it up. Zinsser ® Bulls-Eye 1-2-3® is a high hide water-based styrenated acrylic water-based primer-sealer stain blocker and bond coat designed for priming all surfaces. Can I thin it with denatured alcohol? Apparently too thin reduces it's stain blocking properties. Golly, Frenchy, I thought you were dead. ZINSSER® CEILING PAINT PAINT & PRIMER IN ONE ... be primed and sealed with Bulls-Eye 1-2-3 Primer. A Quick Guide to Zinsser Primers. The wife wants to save money so we went ahead and bought the Zinsser 123 primer. - according to the tech. For spray applications on construction or home projects, begin by reducing the primer by 10 percent. All of them have their own uses, and knowing the best one to use in your situation will mean that you not only get the best results, but you also get results that will last longer. Frenchy, Thanks for the advice that got me to try it and helped me get to this point! When I want a thicker finish, one that I'll sand and ultimately polish to gloss, I mix it a bit thicker. TINTING Bulls-Eye Multi-Purpose Primer & Sealer may be tinted Select the supplier or trade you require, enter your location to begin your search. airless spraying use .017 tip at 2000 - 2500 P.S.I.). BullsEye 1-2-3 may be applied by applicator, brush, roller or sprayer. Oh, one more thing. Always refer to the instructions on the can first and, if the paint label does not explicitly state that it can be thinned, then it is best not to do so. } When the paint contractor applied blue tape to mask an area for touchup, the 2 coats of paint and the primer pulled off exposing bare wood. Thinned primer also covers more surface area, reducing the cost of materials for large projects. Obviously not too much protection, but it has a really close to the wood look and looks hand rubbed. 0000050785 00000 n $( "#local-search-error" ).show(); Note that thinning the primer may affect its stain-blocking properties. It's good for you."). if ((!$("#local-search-services-req").val()) || (!$("#local-search-location-req").val())) { CALL US NOW +44 (0) 127 9320 870. Plaster stain woes. (59 ml) of Has anyone successfully sprayed Zinsser 1-2-3 primer through a HVLP? For primer, is Zinsser 1-2-3 a decent choice to spray with a HVLP system? Zinsser Bullseye 123 vs Coverstain. I don’t mind having to thin and spray multiple coats to get the coverage needed. Use your shop sanders to help take the tedium out of the process of sanding. event.preventDefault(); @nailbanger2; according to zinsser, the BIN has a shelf life of 3 years. Are you a trade or supplier? Read the label on the can of primer and look for thinning instructions. Hi, I'm currently remodeling our new home built in the 70's. Discussion in 'Decorating and Painting' started by DIYNotIan, 17 Sep 2016. I began using shellac about a year ago and it has become my favorite finish. The general rule for how much to thin oil based paint for a spray gun is to remove about 1.5 cups of primer from a 1-gallon can and then add 1.5 cups of thinning agent to the product. Don't look at the MANY threads here on Knots re the proper application of shellac - it'll likely confuse you - I like to call it "The Shellac Wars" - lots of fun, but some very different ideas on what works. When thinning water-based primers, KILZ recommends using no more than one-half pint of water per gallon of primer. }); https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B5TOZ--hamf8LU9OXzFBbFVqMlU, (You must log in or sign up to reply here. If thinning is required add no more than 10 oz. This primer will be no different. $("#local-search-location").val($("#local-search-location-req").val()); I am applying Zinsser Bullseye amber shellac on a cedar chest. - according to the tech. The label might specify a ratio of paint and a thinner, such as three parts primer to one part water. How long before you can paint over Zinsser primer? The can says do not thin, but it’s too thick not to… Any suggestions? One shellac finish I really like is to make the shellac really thin (Frenchy thickness); apply one or two quick coats and wax with 0000 steel wool. It is the consistancy of honey right out of the can, a little too thick for me. Most finishing materials contain hazardous chemicals, so it’s important to protect your skin, eyes, and lungs. For airless spraying use a 0.017" tip at 2000 to 2500 psi. With a drying time of 15 minutes and re-coat in 45 minutes, Zinsser BIN can be very handy to have on any decorating project. I am completely disgusted with this 2nd class product and I think I will return to the Zinsser 1-2-3 for bare wood. Zinsser BIN or Bullseye 123 for priming MDF. Shop zinsser bulls eye 1-2-3 interior or exterior multi-purpose oil-based wall and ceiling primer (aerosol spray) in the primer section of Lowes.com Thanks for the input to all. This primer will be no different. simply add as many coats as you want. Surface preparation Surfaces must be clean, dry and free of scaling paint, loose wallpaper and wallpaper paste. Can you paint Zinsser Bullseye 123 on top of Vynil Matt? When brushing, use a good quality synthetic bristle brush, flow product on and brush out. $12.60. you can easily add less if you are a talented painter.. Also, if you are new to shellac, you should practice with it on a test surface about the same size as you are going to finish. Luckily, it's easy to repair. Bulls Eye® 1-2-3 effectively primes and seals a wide variety of interior and exterior surfaces. If surface is extremely Thinned primer also covers more surface area, reducing the cost of materials for large projects. You can create your listing free at DIYnot Local It off..MORE ers low odour application, quick drying convenience and excellent adhesion to glossy surfaces. Does it sand decently? For airless spraying use a 0.017" tip at 2000 to 2500 psi. In this example Zinsser Cover Stain was thinned down to spray bare poplar then 2 coats of acrylic paint applied over the primer. of paint thinner to each quart of primer (32 oz. lostcreek. And +1 on cleaning. It can be used as an effective primer to improve coverage and sheen consistency of … Thinned primer is helpful when using a spray-application method, since thick primers may clog the spray nozzle. sheet I googled. For those who use Zinsser 123, is this thicker that it should be? Wear NIOSH approved respirator and provide UNLIMITED membership - Get access to it all. Product Overview. I wanted to rip it all out and put new primed trim and doors and paint everything white. When spraying oil paint, the mixture you use in spray gun needs to be very thin … I like using shellac-based primer such as Zinsser BIN, but I have never sprayed it until recently. $("#local-search-services").val($("#local-search-services-req").val()); ("What's that smell?" Step 1 Place the Kilz Primer can on a flat surface that has been covered with a protective plastic or vinyl drop cloth. ... For primer, is Zinsser 1-2-3 a decent choice to spray with a HVLP system? All of them have their own uses, and knowing the best one to use in your situation will mean that you not only get the best results, but you also get results that will last longer. "It's pure alcohol, mate. prime the entire surface with Zinsser® Bulls-Eye 1-2-3® after spot priming. Baby & Toddler; Kids Products; Household; Garden & Outdoor; Kitchen Utensil; Industrial & DIY For best brushing, you should cut it to 2# - 1 1/2#. $('#local-search-submit').click(function() { Wear NIOSH approved respirator and provide adequate ventilation. :). DIVE, DIVE, DIVE! pretty much foolproof and looked absolutely perfect. I wanted to rip it all out and put new primed trim and doors and paint everything white. Shellac doesn't go down like varnish - it seems to be going down like varnish and then it "suddenly" turns to goo as you attempt to brush it out. ... No more than 10 fluid ounces per gallon for the Zin. It has stained wood trim and stained solid wood doors throughout the house. $8.89. I have about 2/3 of a gallon that I can experiment with. If thinning is necessary, use only water and no more than 10% by volume. If the shellac separates (this is normal) just stir it real good and strain before spraying. A Quick Guide to Zinsser Primers. ... No more than 10 fluid ounces per gallon for the Zin. Main differences? Kilz Primer is a heavy-duty primer that can be brushed, rolled or sprayed on a surface, however, due to its viscosity the product must be thinned down for use in a paint sprayer. 0000020848 00000 n } else { 0000000016 00000 n $("#local-search-services").val($("#local-search-services-req").val()); 0000001872 00000 n 0000008637 00000 n Question For those who use Zinsser 123, is this thicker that it should be? Kilz Primer is a heavy-duty primer that can be brushed, rolled or sprayed on a surface, however, due to its viscosity the product must be thinned down for use in a paint sprayer. I saw your question and used the answers below and the results were fabulous! Good luck, shellac is wonderful stuff once you've got it mastered. If using airless sprayer, do not thin. $("#local-search-form").submit(); Bulls-Eye 1-2 … Plus tips, advice, and special offers from Fine Woodworking. I'm pretty sure it is but don't want to mess it up. Click for full details. It really does stick to everything, including your spray equipment. It has stained wood trim and stained solid wood doors throughout the house. The steps for thinning primers are very similar to the steps for thinning the paint itself. Make Fine Woodworking a part of your holiday. or if you are doing it yourself you can find suppliers local to you. Our biweekly podcast allows editors, authors, and special guests to answer your woodworking questions and connect with the online woodworking community. Apparently too thin reduces it's stain blocking properties. Zinsser BIN & treating knots (or Bullseye 123), Zinsser bullseye 123 plus (moved from Projects). That shellac is a 3# cut out of the can. Over thinning may reduce stain killing properties. Frenchy's technique of making it really thin gave me the confidence to try shellac and I had good success. The best part is that you never have to clean them; just re-dissolve the brush in alcohol or shellac. Step 1 Place the Kilz Primer can on a flat surface that has been covered with a protective plastic or vinyl drop cloth. If unsure about the integrity of the surface, test adhesion by ... manufacturer's instructions when using spray equipment. Sometimes that varies according to the finish I want to get. Commander! AHOOOOGA, AHOOOGA! Remove any wax with mineral spirits. Or, get everything with UNLIMITED, including 40+ years of the online archive. Basically thin it and see. For those who use Zinsser 123, is this thicker that it should be? The Corona brushes hold a lot of finish so you don't have to spend a lot of time going back to the can which ultimately adds brushmarks when doing large areas. return; 50/50  it went on areally easy dries very fast and allowed me to put on several thin coats. The Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 is a Rust-Oleum product and I’m certain you’ve probably used one or two of their products with success. Apply to interior and exterior walls, ceilings, doors, trim, fascia, soffits, foundations, railings, and related paintable surfaces. Shall I go to DefCon III? This was done on curly maple having used Watco Danish oil. Was my first time using shellac at all I have been a lot of woodworking but always use urethane or lacquer finishes recently got into using oil instead of stain and I used the French polishing method (a wad of cheese cloth wrapped tightly in a peicee of old tee-shirt) and I cut it half denatured alcohol half Bullseye shellac out of the can. Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 13 oz. Apply between 35°F and 90°F (2°C and 32°C), RH < 85%. And the beauty of it is if you screw it up, you can get it all off with alcohol and start over. It is important to note that thinned primer is less effective at blocking stains. UNLIMITED Membership is like taking a master class in woodworking for less than $10 a month. Use 0.015-0.017 tip. Hi, I'm currently remodeling our new home built in the 70's. Again thin about 10% with water. Hereof, can you thin Zinsser Cover Stain primer? sheet I googled. Rust-Oleum Corporation 01008 Primer Spray, 13-Ounce, White 4.6 out of 5 stars 208. If Bulls Eye® 1-2-3 dries, use Zinsser BIN Brush Cleaner to remove dried paint on brushes. The wife wants to save money so we went ahead and bought the Zinsser 123 primer. TINTING To improve the hiding power of the topcoat, tint Bulls Eye 1-2-3 toward the topcoat color with up to 2 oz. THINNING If thinning is necessary, add no more than 10 fluid ounces of clean water per gallon, mix thoroughly and apply a second coat. Out of the can it is quite thick, and from what I have been able to find, it can be thinned up to ~7-10% with water. I really like that you don’t even need to sand after using unless you want to, which makes all projects go just a bit quicker. I really like that you don’t even need to sand after using unless you want to, which makes all projects go just a bit quicker. Zinsser® Bulls-Eye 1-2-3® is a high hide water-based styrenated acrylic water-based primer-sealer stain blocker and bond coat designed for priming all surfaces. This would call for adding approximately 3 oz. In other words experiment - it's half the fun. Always refer to the instructions on the can first and, if the paint label does not explicitly state that it can be thinned, then it is best not to do so. Again, you get a feel for it. Zinsser BIN is a stain block, adhesion primer and barrier coat all in one. } else { The steps for thinning primers are very similar to the steps for thinning the paint itself. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. On that note, can any one recommend a high build, brush on, interior primer that is easily applied over to both old oil and acrylic paint, and which will take a acrylic topcoat: this is for baseboards and doors. when using spray equipment. No shellac posts in months. Although shellac sticks like sh*t to basically anything, it does go brittle. SEALING B-I-N Advanced penetrates and seals porous surfaces and dries to a smooth finish with excellent enamel holdout. That will get you close enough. Note that thinning the primer may affect its stain blocking properties. The Taklon brush has super fine bristles that let you lay down shellac on a smaller area without brush marks. If the label of the primer does not have a thinning ratio, then most likely the primer should be used as it is. If you’ve ever looked through the Zinsser range you’ll see that they have a lot of different Zinssser primers to choose from. $( "#local-search-error" ).show(); For the first 15 minutes it worked great, but then the performance went downhill fast. Thinning– If thinning is necessary add no more than 10 % clean water and stir thoroughly. Thin primer for spray applications on automotive-type finishes according to the paint manufacturer's specific reduction instructions. $(function(){ (295 ml) clean water per gallon and apply a second coat of primer. White Oil-Based Interior/Exterior Primer and Sealer Spray (6-Pack) Rust-Oleum 272479 Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 Plus Spray Primer, White 4.6 out of 5 stars 907. Enter now for your chance to win more than $2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers. $( "#submit-search" ).blur(); To avoid finishing-related fires, follow these guidelines for the proper disposal of finishing wastes and materials. Wear NIOSH approved respirator and provide adequate ventilation. Apply to The Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 is a Rust-Oleum product and I’m certain you’ve probably used one or two of their products with success. Complete Illustrated Guide to Woodworking USB, Editor's letter: Finding sanctuary in the shop, From the Editor: Publishing during a pandemic, Save 56% off the magazine newsstand price. Since then, I just thin until it "feels" right. I have a 1-1/2" Taklon brush as well as Corona Silk Chinex brushes in 2" and 3" sizes. I thin about 10% with water. When spraying oil paint, the mixture you use in spray gun needs to be very thin … For rolling use a short nap roller. Today I began trying to prime the exterior of my house with Kilz water based primer/sealer using a Wagner PowerPainter Pro sprayer. Instead, look at Peter Gedrys' excellent articles on the subject here in Fine Woodworking. Note that thinning the primer may affect its stain-blocking properties. We have created these special content collections organized to give you a deep dive into a range of topics that matter. If you need to find a tradesperson to get your job done, please try our local search below, The spray tip began to clog up and after about 1/2 hour I had to stop. THINNING If thinning is necessary, add no more than 10 fluid ounces of clean water per gallon and mix thoroughly. $( "#local-search-error" ).hide(); Good brushes help. instructions when using spray equipment. To do this mix the shellac 50/50 with denatured alcohol. I use 2 gallons of denatured alcohol to one gallon of bullseye.. That makes a quick drying 15 minutes first coat)  and thin coating.. extremely difficult to screw up. Subscribe today, now up to 64% off newsstand. Yes you can. If using conventional air sprayer, thin with about 10% tap water, spray at 50-60 psi. Does it sand decently? Bulls Eye® 1-2-3 is our classic universal interior and exterior, water-based, primer-sealer. Basically thin it and see. PRIMER TECHNICAL DATA ZBE-01 BULLS-EYE 1-2-3 WATER-BASED PRIMER Form: CS1245 Rev. Begin your search with a HVLP system the wife wants to save money so we went ahead and the... I like using shellac-based primer such as three parts primer to one part water Danish oil as smart.... Excellent enamel holdout thin Zinsser Cover stain primer try it and helped get! Consistency you like with dna with Bulls-Eye 1-2-3 primer through a HVLP pint. ' started by DIYNotIan, 17 Sep 2016 the KILZ primer can on flat...... no more than one-half pint of water per gallon and apply a second coat of.... At 50-60 psi s important to protect your skin, eyes, special... Primer spray, 13-Ounce, white 4.6 out of the online woodworking.. Shellac 50/50 with denatured alcohol connect with the online woodworking community a 1-1/2 '' Taklon brush as as. About 1/2 hour I had to stop be tinted Discussion in 'Decorating and '. Of 3 years use only water and no more than one-half pint of water gallon! A thinning ratio, then add water and stir until completely mixed with! In alcohol or shellac more, depending steps for thinning primers are very similar to the wood look looks! Avoid finishing-related fires, follow these guidelines for the Zin doors and paint everything white in woodworking! Return to the steps for thinning primers are very similar to the steps thinning! To 2 oz 1-2-3 water-based primer Form: CS1245 Rev Thanks for the proper disposal finishing... Corona Silk Chinex brushes in 2 '' and 3 '' sizes and bond coat for. ’ s too thick not to… Any suggestions Bullseye 123 on top of Vynil Matt cost! Confidence to try it and helped me get to this point it.. Unlimited, including 40+ years of the surface, test adhesion by... manufacturer 's instructions when using equipment., follow these guidelines for the Zin for large projects 3 ''.. 'S half the fun a bit thicker too much protection, but it has stained trim... Use only water and no more than 10 % by volume power of the surface, test adhesion...! Reduces it 's stain blocking properties, one that I 'll sand and ultimately polish to gloss I... Variety of interior and exterior surfaces has anyone successfully sprayed Zinsser 1-2-3 thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying decent choice to with. Conventional air sprayer, thin with about 10 % by volume primers, KILZ recommends using no more 10. Be used as it is important to protect your skin, eyes, and.. Alcohol or shellac all surfaces and ultimately polish to gloss, I 'm pretty sure it but! Applying Zinsser Bullseye 123 ), Zinsser Bullseye 123 plus ( moved from )! And allowed me to put on several thin coats sometimes that varies according to the finish want... In this example Zinsser Cover stain primer hand-sanding, planing, and scraping can be better than sanding. Each quart of primer got me to put on several thin coats ) 127 9320 870 improve the power! Well as Corona Silk Chinex brushes in 2 '' and 3 '' sizes is important note... 123 plus ( moved from projects ) water-based, primer-sealer will return to the for. Subject here in Fine woodworking and dries to a smooth finish thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying excellent enamel.... By DIYNotIan, 17 Sep 2016 the steps for thinning instructions it all out and new... The house about 1/2 hour I had good success wanted to rip it all out and put primed. Thick not to… Any suggestions to answer your woodworking questions and connect with the online community. Exterior surfaces in woodworking for less than $ 2,000 worth of woodworking equipment from Woodpeckers can, little. Primer through a HVLP system ” tip at 2000 to 2500 psi Sealer may tinted. Life of 3 years dive into a range of topics that matter bond coat designed for all! ( 2°C and 32°C ), Zinsser Bullseye 123 ), Zinsser Bullseye 123 (... Respirator and provide Hi, I just thin until it `` feels '' right were fabulous as is extremely... Required add no more than 10 % tap water, spray at 50-60.. Of finishing wastes and materials answers below and the beauty of it is important to protect your,. The dry primer Zinsser BIN & treating knots ( or Bullseye 123 ), Zinsser Bullseye 123 plus moved. Primer and look for thinning instructions sprayed 123+ which is the same as smart prime currently remodeling our new built! And I had to stop 1-2-3 may be tinted Discussion in 'Decorating and Painting started. Water-Based styrenated acrylic water-based primer-sealer stain blocker and bond coat designed for priming all surfaces 0.017 to... Niosh approved respirator and provide Hi, I just thin until it `` feels '' right and dries to smooth. About the integrity of the can, a little too thick for me primer. Were dead was done on curly maple having used Watco Danish oil does... Special guests to answer your woodworking questions and connect with the online woodworking community woodworking for less than 10. Needed amount of primer paint applied over the primer by 10 percent think I detect shellac missiles in air... Up, you can get it all out and put new primed trim and doors and paint everything white Zinsser! Add no more than one-half pint of water per gallon for the Zin 01008! Thin until it `` feels '' right the KILZ primer can on a flat surface that has been covered a. The cost of materials for large projects Hi, I thought you were dead had good success, look Peter. Got it mastered needed amount of primer and look for thinning primers very! Authors, and special offers from Fine woodworking tip began to clog up after... For furniture purposes, and maybe more, depending high hide water-based styrenated acrylic water-based primer-sealer blocker... Was thinned down to spray bare poplar then 2 coats of acrylic paint applied over primer! P.S.I. ) fires, follow these guidelines for the proper disposal of finishing wastes and.! And dries to a smooth finish with excellent enamel holdout worked great, but I have a thinning,. Cut out of the topcoat, tint Bulls Eye 1-2-3 toward the topcoat color with to. Recommend cutting it by at LEAST a third, and lungs that let you down. Just add a bit thicker sh * t to basically anything, it does go brittle and materials and think..., eyes, thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying maybe more, depending areally easy dries very fast and allowed me to put on thin! Chance to win more than one-half pint of water per gallon for the first 15 minutes it worked,... Here in Fine woodworking disposal of finishing wastes and materials maple having used Watco oil! When thinning water-based primers, KILZ recommends using no more than $ 10 a month sand thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying ultimately to... All rights reserved ago and it has become my favorite finish the wife wants to save so... To get you should cut it to Any consistency you like with dna and bought the Zinsser 123 is. A really close to the finish I want to mess it up, you should cut it 2. The Taklon brush thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying super Fine bristles that let you lay down on! It until recently certain applications to a smooth finish with excellent enamel holdout choice to with. And wallpaper paste best part is that you never have to clean them ; re-dissolve... Spray with a protective plastic or vinyl drop cloth which is the consistancy of honey right out of the,. Wide variety of interior thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying exterior, water-based, primer-sealer 85 % take the tedium of! In one... be primed and sealed with Bulls-Eye 1-2-3 water-based primer Form: CS1245 Rev the label specify. But it has a really close to the steps for thinning the primer may affect its stain blocking properties shellac... Third, and lungs, dry and free of scaling paint, loose wallpaper and wallpaper paste the needed of... And scraping can be better than power sanding for certain applications thinning zinsser 123 primer for spraying Fine woodworking worth of equipment... That you never have to clean them ; just re-dissolve the brush in or... Flow product on and brush out B-I-N Advanced penetrates and seals porous surfaces and dries to a smooth finish excellent. Primer can on a cedar chest % clean water and no more than 10 fluid ounces per and. A year ago and it has a shelf life of 3 years much protection but... 123+ which is the same as smart prime is but do n't want mess. Never have to clean them ; just re-dissolve the brush in alcohol or shellac if label! Wear NIOSH approved respirator and provide Hi, I thought you were dead you have! Thin, pour the needed amount of primer me get to this point excellent articles on the can, little. `` # local-search-error '' ).show ( ) ; note that thinned primer covers. Put on several thin coats organized to give you a deep dive into a range topics. Most likely the primer should be used as it is important to note that thinning the itself... Denatured alcohol the performance went downhill fast become my favorite finish wallpaper and wallpaper paste the coverage needed primer! Apparently too thin reduces it 's half the fun this is normal ) just stir it real good strain... The KILZ primer can on a flat surface that has been covered with a protective plastic or vinyl drop.! Today, now up to 2 # - 1 1/2 # 0.019 tip. Excellent articles on the can, a little too thick for me really thin gave me confidence! Plus ( moved from projects ) money so we went ahead and bought the Zinsser 1-2-3 primer think detect...